Consider Filtering Water On Your Own

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Water is the most important substance on earth, without which survival of human beings is not possible. But if it is not purified or treated properly, it can make you sick. The process of water purification is of great significance.

Protection against harmful organisms
A recent study has shown that 90 percent of the world’s water supply is not fit for drinking purposes. It must undergo some sort of treatment. Water may contain micro organisms that stand responsible for causing dysentery, diarrhea, jaundice and so on. Water filtration and treatment services can help to kill these micro organisms and make the water safe for drinking. There are a number of water purification methods, like boiling, chemical treatment with chlorine or iodine, and other filtration systems.

Removing toxic metals
In addition to having micro organisms, untreated water is an open source of minerals like magnesium and copper. They may not necessarily pose a threat to human body but can react with other minerals in the water. This makes the water unsuitable for drinking. Other minerals may include lead, which is extremely dangerous to our health. Various chemicals, disinfectant agents and filtration systems are used to remove the minerals as much as possible for reducing the risk of contracting illnesses.

Chances of pesticide remains
Pesticides used on farms and lawns can seep into the water supplies. Municipal water can be treated for pesticide contamination, but if you have a well, you may not know that the water is contaminated with pesticides unless you have it tested. In such cases, home water filters installed by water treatment professionals can help to remove the pesticide level and other heavy metallic residue. Long-term exposure to pesticides in your water may increase risk of cancer, according to experts.

Home purification systems that meet the regulatory standards recommends water purifiers, as they are effective in filtering water and keeping you safe. They can remove all harmful organisms and metallic residue from the water. Purified water may sometimes taste insipid but it is the safest form of water. However, if you are not installing water filtration systems as per the expert’s recommendation, you may be doing more harm than good to yourself. Drinking unsafe water can cause several diseases like cholera, diarrhoea, red blood cell deficiency and more.

Consider hiring water treatment and filtration services in Kerry if you care for yourself and your family.

The Basic Processes Taking Place In A Water Treatment Plant

Water treatment plant

We all have, more or less, a brief idea about what happens inside a water treatment plant – basically, it purifies water and sewage so that clean water can be allowed back into the environment. What many of us don’t know is that the plant actually eliminates contaminants & solids first, then breaks down the organic matter present in the water, and finally performs a complete restoration of oxygen content. And these things, in turn, are achieved through a specific series of operations –

1) Preliminary treatment

2) Primary treatment

3) Secondary treatment

4) Sludge treatment

Let’s take a quick look at these four phases:

Pretreatment
During the phase of preliminary treatment, easy pickings such as garbage, leaves, tree branches, plastic bottles, diapers, cans, waste materials, rags, etc. are extracted by bar screens. Some plants have air blowers for whipping fats and grease into froth so that they can be removed easily. Glass, sand and stones are settled out through regulation of water inflow by grit chambers & equalisation basins.

Primary
In this stage, water collected within sedimentation tanks and large basins are first separated from small particles by allowing the pollutants to settle out. Mechanical scrapers then gathers the solid matter for directing it to hoppers, which are, in turn connected to sludge treatment chamber. Some plants for water treatment in Cork use surface skimmers to extract oil and grease during the primary phase.

Secondary
Secondary treatment mainly moves waste water inside secondary basins after aerating it, adding beneficial microbes in the process to initiate breakdown of organic matter. An array of strategies are employed for breaking down sludge as well. Certain facilities construct reed beds and wetlands for decomposing organic materials. Biological aerated filters and membrane bioreactors are the other forms of technologies utilised.

Sludge
This is the ultimate phase in which the sludge, or biosolids and remnant water are treated. At first, gravity segregates heavy grit from organic matter, so that they can be disposed off in landfill. The residual primary sludge is allowed to pass into a thickener and then fed into digesting tanks with anaerobic bacteria after centrifugation. The remaining impure water is thoroughly treated with nitrogen, phosphorus and various other nutrients, in addition to being disinfected until it can be finally returned to water supply.

Thus, these are the most fundamental processes involved in the purification of water within water treatment plants.